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Friday, October 4, 2013

Cardiopulmanory Resuscitation (CPR) || Life-Death Situations

Assalamualaikum.. ok since im a bit happy today... i would to post about Health. This is what i have been studied and practically do this. on people!

CPR  is a basic life-support technique used in a medical crisis when the victim is not breathing and it is possible that his heart has stopped breathing. The technique involves opening and clearing the victim's airway (by tilting the head backward), restoring breathing (by mouth-to-mouth or mouth-to-nose resuscitation) and restoring blood circulation (by external cardiac compression). Although opening victim's airway and restoring breathing can be done effectively at the same time of the crisis by understanding the technique.

         In a crisis, certain life-saving produces take priority over anything else. If the victim is not breathing, treatment given to other injuries will not help. Therefore, in any serious emergency, the first priority is ti determine if the victim is breathing. This can be done by placing the side of your face and ear very close to the victim's mouth and nose to feel for air being exhaled by the victim. Also look to see if the victim's chest rises and falls. It is also important to determine if the victim's heart is beating (circulating blood throughout the body). This can be done by checking for a pulse at the victim's carotid artery in the neck.

         A simple method of remembering the order of action to take if the victim is not breathing or his heart is not beating is the use of term "ABCs". These letters stands for Airway, Breathing, and Circulation. These are the three basic steps in the procedure known as cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR).


Airway


  1. Lay the victim on his back on a firm rigid surface such as floor or the ground.
  2. Quickly clear the mouth and airway of foreign material with your fingers.
  3. If there does not appear to be any neck injury, gently tilt the victim's head backward by placing one hand beneath the victim's neck and lifting upward. Place the heel of the other hand on the victim's forehand and press downward as the chin is elevated.

Breathing

  1. Keep victim's head tilted backward.
  2. With the hand that is placed on the victim's forehead, pinch victim's nostrils using your thumb and index finger.
  3. Open your mouth widely and take a deep breath.
  4. Place your open mouth tightly around the victim's mouth and give four quick breaths (take a deep breath between each blow). Continue blowing into his mouth at approximately 12 breath per minute. Quantity is important so provide plenty of air-one breath every five seconds until you see the victim's chest rise (seconds are counted "one-one thousand, two-one thousand, three-one thousand, and so on). \
Note:
  • If the victim's mouth cannot be used due to an injury, remove your hand from under the victim's neck and close his mouth; then place your hand over the mouth. Open your mouth widely and take a deep breath. Place your mouth tightly around the victim's nose and blow into it. After you exhale, remove your hand from the victim's mouth to allow air to escape.
  • Moderate resistance will be felt with blowing. If the chest does not rise, the airway is unclear and more airway opening is needed. Place hands under the victim's lower jaw and thrust lower jaw forward so that it just out.
  • Watch closely to see when the victim's chest rises, and stop blowing when the chest is expanded.
  • Remove your mouth from the victim's and turn your head toward the victim's chest so that your ear is over the victim's mouth. Listen for air leaving his lungs and watch his chest fall.
  • If a drowning victim's stomach is bloated with swallowed water, put the victim on his stomach. To empty water, place emptied, or if no water is emptied after approximately ten seconds, return the victim to his back.
  • Continue mouth-to-mouth breathing until victim is breathing well on his own or until medical assistance arrives.

To restore breathing in infants and children:
         Mouth-to-mouth or mouth-to-nose artificial breathing is basically the same for infants and small children. However, the head should be tilted as far back for infants and for small children as for adults and large children. Place your mouth tightly over BOTH the mouth and nose of the infant or small child. Breathe small puffs of air into the child's mouth and nose every three seconds (20 breaths per minutes) until you see the chest rise.


Circulation

To restore circulation: This only should be done those professionally trained and must be done in any conjunction with artificial breathing.

  1. Check neck artery for pulse (check below left nipple in infants).
  2. If no pulse is felt, begin cardiac compression. For one rescuer give 15 compression (80 per minute); then two quick breaths. For two rescuer, give 5 compression (60 per minute) for every one breath. Repeat until medical assistance arrives.


CALL paramedics or ambulance immediately. If this is not possible, take the victim to the nearest hospital emergency room. Have someone else drive so that you can continue artificial breathing and cardiac compression of necessary.
        Most injuries and illnesses are not life-threatening . The following however, are ten medical emergencies in which the victim's life is in danger if immediate first-aid treatment is not given before medical assistance is available. It is important to us to become familiar with the immediate treatment that must be given to save the victim's life or lessen the severity of the injury.