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Sunday, October 6, 2013

Trees Herbs || Help For Treatment

Assalamualaikum... So last time I wrote is about Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) which is function to help people in life-death situation. Now i would like to write about herbs from trees can is useful in our daily life other that medicines that we regular take. Alright, first of all most people assume herbs are annual or herbaceous plants, such as basil, or  perhaps ginseng, but in fact pi herbs span the breadth of the entire plant kingdom, from giant conifers to tiny yeasts. Herb plants are found among mosses, ferns, conifers, and even algae, as well as the more familiar higher flowering plants. I'll list most common trees grow in our country, that would easier for us to use as herb.

Sugar Palm

Family: Palmae
Species: Arenga Pinnata
Local Name: Gomuti Palm

The Sugar Palm tree is crowned with a spray of feathery leaves. The ringed trunk is clothed with the fibrous black sheaths of old leaves. USES Palm sugar is produced by tapping the tree's sap. The sap is collected and evaporated to a thick syrup which cools to a toffee-like sugar. The stem pith is used a sago. Juice from the developing flower is fermented into palm wine, or 'toddy', which is used medicinally to treat menstrual disorders and vertigo, or distilled to make the spirit arrack. The root is used in local medicine to treat kidney stones. The young leaf sheaths produce useful fibres and the trunk are made into water pipes.


Jackfruit

Family: Moraceae
Species: Artocarpus heterophyllus
Local Name: Nangka

This evergreen shade tree is cultivated mainly for its massive, oval green fruit which can grow directly from the trunk. USES The white flesh is eaten raw, cooked, or preserved, or made into flavouring paste. Young leaves are eaten as a vegetable, and the small fruit is added to soup. In Java, young flower cluster are eaten with syrup and agar-agar, roots are used to treat diarrhoea, the flowers combat diabetes, and the fruit is an astringent or laxative. REMARK The tree means food fortune to Thais and the trunk yields  a yellow dye for monk's robes.


Start Fruit

Family: Oxalidaceae
Species: Averrhoa carambola
Local Name: Carambola / Belimbing

This dense, symmetrical tree is widely cultivated in the tropics for its attractive, edible fruit. USES The fruit have a spicy, quince-like aroma and are efficient thirst-quenchers. They are enjoyed raw, and in Asia are often eaten with salt, served in salads, or used to flavour jam, drinks, and confectionery. In Thailand they are given to reduce blood-sugar levels in diabetics, and in Indonesia for hypertension, gingivitis, and acne. The flowers are used locally for coughs, and the leaves are prescribed for rheumatism. Remark Avverhoa carambola the Bilimbi or Cucumber tree, has yellow acidic fruit about 7cm (2 and half in) long, popular in pickles, jams, and drinks.


Pineapple

Family: Bormeliaceae
Species: Ananas comosus
Local Name: Annasi / Nana / Nenas

Unlike tree-perching bromeliads, Pineapple is planted in the ground.It has a dense rosette of leaves allowing it to make maximum use of rainwater, and a conical spike of violet-red flowers with yellow bracts. Uses A popular tropical fruit, it has a high sugar content and is rich in vitamins A, B, and C. The flesh is eaten raw, cooked battered, jellied, candied, juiced. New shoots are added to curries, waste is made into vinegar or fed to livestock, and the flesh is used in face masks as the enzymes digest dead skin. The fruit helps menstrual, urinary, and digestive  problems, beri-beri, worms, and nervous exhaustion. Plant enzymes reduce swelling, intensify antibiotics, and break down the fibrin protein which causes heart attacks and strokes. Remark In Sri Lanka it is taken by smokers to clear the lungs, but it can aggravate skin rashes.

Papaya

Family: Caricaceae
Species: Carica papaya
Local Name: Melon Tree / Pawpaw / Papaya / Betik

This fast-growing but short-lived giant herbaceous tree can bear creamy textured, vitamin-rich fruit within two years. USES The fruit is eaten ripe and treats hemorrhoids and constipation. The pulp is used in face cream and shampoo. Latex from the unripe fruit skin contains pa-pain, a protein digest-er used in face masks, digestive medicine, and in Ghana to treat tumors. It tenderizes meat, clarifies beer, and de-gums wool. Remark Papaya is often confusingly called Pawpaw, the name of the North American fruit tree Asminia triloba.

Coconut Palm

Family: Palmae
Species: Cocos nucifera
Local Name: Tennai or Thenga / Kelapa
This graceful, leaning palm is topped by a spray of pinnate leaves, 6m (20ft) long, an inflorescence of cream flowers, and large, single-seeded fruit. the husk under the ripe skin houses is the hard-shelled coconut. USES The most valuable of all the palms, the trunk is used as building material, the leaves for thatch and weaving, and the palm heart (stem tip) is cooked. The distilled to make the spirit arrack. The coconut shell contains the white meat later of edible coconut, and refreshing coconut "milk". The milk is gradually absorbed by the ripening meat which, when dried yields Coconut Oil for soap, synthetic rubber, glycerine, cosmetics, and special diets for disorders where normal fat is not absorbed.Remark The name "coco" is Spanish for grinning face, referring to the eyes on the coconut base.

Durian

Family: Bombacaceae
Species: Durio zibethinus
Local Name: Tiger Fruit / Durian

Durian is larfe evergreen with attractive foliage, pink to yellow or greeny whit flowers, spiny fruit, and a buttressed trunk. USES This "King of Fruits" is notorious for its revolting smell, likened to fetid cheese and onions, but it is prized locally for its rich, creamy, yet refreshing taste. Malaysians enjoy the uncooked flesh as an energizer in the tropical heat, or ferment it to east as a relish. The unripe fruit is eaten as a vegetable. The protein-rich seeds can be roasted or fried.

Guava


Family: Myrtaceae
Species: Psidium guajava
Local Name: Yelow Guava / Jambu Batu

This small. shrubby evergreen, with peeling, reddish brown bark on young branches, has single white flowers, leaves with parallel veins, and fruit with a penetrating, musky aroma. USES Rich in vitamin C and iron, and mildly laxative, guava fruit are eaten raw, stewed, and preserved. The leaves and bark are brewed for indigestion or to treat diarrhoea. In Ghana the leaves are boiled with Lemon Grass as part of a cough remedy, and pulped root is given for dysentery. The leaves are chewed to relive toothache. Remark Guavas were first used by the Arawak of the Caribbean.

Mango

Family: Anacardiaceaea
Species: Mangifera indica
Local Name: Amchoor / Manga / Mango

The Mango is a fast-growing tree, with large panicles of fragrant, greenish white flowers and one or two crops of large, musk-scented fruit per year. USES Mango fruit is eaten raw, candied, or prickled. The unripe fruit and tender leaves are prized sour flavorings. In India the bark is used to treat internal bleeding, dysentery, and throat disease; the leaves are chewed to tone gums; and leaf ash is used for burns. The unripe fruit, peel, seeds, flowers, and resin have various medicinal uses. Remark A secret recipe for artists paint used the urine of cows fed on Mango leaves.

Tumeric

Family: Zingiberaceae
Species: Curcuma longa
Local Name: Yu-chin / Besar / Kunyit

Turmeric has an aromatic rhizome, large leaves, and yellow flowers with pink bracts. USES The dried root gives flavor and color to curry powders, many Indian dishes, and piccalilli, and is sometimes sold as saffron. The young shoots and inflorescences are That vegetables. I Chinese medicine the root stimulates circulation, resolves bruises and clots, and is a Thai treatment for cobra venom. Research shows Turmeric strengthens the gall-bladder; inhibits dangerous blood-clotting; reduces some lover toxins and helps it metabolize fats (possibly assisting weight loss); and has an anti-inflammatory, non-steroidal action. Turmeric gives a golden fabric dye, and features in Indian ceremonies. Remark Zeodary has reduced cervical cancer in trials, and increased the effectiveness of radiotherapy and chemotherapy.